Geography and Demography of Thassos
Thassos is the northernmost island of the Aegean archipelago, located very near the eastern coast of the Greek Macedonia area, 6 nautical miles (about 8km) from the port of Keramoti, 12 nautical miles (about 22km) from the town of Kavala, 27 nautical miles (about 50km) from the Holy Mountain (Mount Athos).
The area of Thassos is about 390km2, making it the ninth-largest island in Greece.
Geographically, the island belongs to a territory called Thrace, Kavala prefecture.
From west to east, the island is 22 kilometers wide, and from north to south, it is 26 kilometers long, making it an almost symmetric, circular shape.
The length of the coast, measured in a circle, is 93km, which tells us that it is possible to make a round for a little more than one hour, driving by the good road, mostly by the sea.
Three very small islands belong to the main island: Tasopulo (on the north side, across from Limenas, the capital of the island), Kinira (on the east side, across from the ancient town of the same name and the famous Paradise beach) and Panagia (on the south side of the island, near the place Astris). There are two major towns (Thassos town) in the north of the island, which is the largest and also the capital of the island, and Limenaria in the south of Thassos. In addition, there are a number of medium-sized or quite small places, also on the coast, such as Skala Rachoni, Skala Prinos, Skala Sotiros, Skala Kallirachi, Skala Maries, Pefkari, Potos, Astris, Kinira, Skala Potamia and Skala Panagia. In the interior of the island, not far from the listed places which contain the name ''Skala'' in their name, there are places of the same name, only without this addition in the name, namely: Rachoni, Prinos, Sotiros, Kallirachi, Maries, Potamia and Panagia. The word ''skala'' means ''stairs'' or in this case ''road'' to a village on the coast and could also mean ''port'', which means that each of these places in the interior has its own protruding, port area on the shore.
In addition to the mentioned places, there are also very beautiful and authentic mountain villages on the island, such as: Theologos, Kastro and Kazaviti. In the middle of the island rises the Ipsarion mountain with the same name highest peak of 1204m above sea level. Next in height is the top of Profitis Ilias, 1108m above sea level.
The coastline of Thassos, almost the entire length, is very gentle and accessible. For this reason, there are close to 70 named, fully or partially organized beaches on the island and many other small and wild coves. There are all types of beaches, from those with fine, powdery golden-yellow, gray or even white color sand, over those with fine, fine-grained pebbles and those with slightly larger pebbles, big pebbles or white marble small stones, to those with smooth or sharper rocks. Of course, there are also beaches of a combination of these types, both on the coast and in the water. There are more often beaches without natural shade, but there are also beaches with thick shade, especially on the north side of the island. There are also a couple of beaches where waves are a regular occurrence and are particularly popular for the younger population. The conclusion is self-imposed - everyone will find one or more beaches to their preferences and literally, every day of their vacation will be able to enjoy completely different beaches, and on their first visit to the island they will not be able to see even part of all of them or discover all the treasures of Thassos, so will need to come back at least a few more times.
The most famous named beaches, starting from Limenas first on the west side, then south and then on the east side back to Limenas, are Limanaki, Vurnelis, Tarsanas, Nisteri, Glyfada, Papalimani, Glykadi, Glyfoneri, Pachis, Rachoni, Skala Prinos/Dasilio, Skala Sotiros, Skala Kalirachi, Platana, Sunset beach in Skala Maries, city beach in Skala Maries, Atspas (or Sugar beach), Trypiti, Stelakis beach, city beach in Limenaria, Metalia, Pefkari, Potos, San Antonio, Roso Gremos, Notos, Psili Ammos, Astris, Livadi, Thimonia, Kekes, Alyki, Paradise, Skala Potamia, Golden Beach, Vathi, Porto Vathi, Saliara or Marble beach, Makryammos and Karnagio.
On all beaches, the sea is very clean, clear and transparent to its bottom.
According to the latest data, the right to have the famous Blue Flag, as proof of meeting strict environmental and other standards, has 4 beaches in Thassos: Golden beach, Pefkari, Makriyammos and the city beach in Limenas, next to the old port (so-called Limanaki).
Along the Thassos coast, there are numerous capes, such as raised points that plunge deep into the sea (Pachis, Kefalas, Salonikos, Baburas, Diaporos, Gramvuza and others). This is why Thassos is known for the many available viewpoints, which you find across next to the road along the island. Most viewpoints are arranged as paved extensions by the road, with a characteristic masonry, circular lodge, table and benches for sitting inside it and waste bins. From these points, there is a breathtaking view that is simply enticing to be immortalized by the lens of a camera or at least captured deep in our memory.
The most beautiful view is from the terrace of the monastery of St. Archangel Michail, located in the south of the island, high on the rocky cliffs above Livadi bay.
Thassos is also known for its fantastic sunsets, which are especially beautiful and picturesque in the south of the island.
From places in the south, in the afternoon, or during the day when the sky is very clear, on the open sea you can see the proud and grand outlines of Athos (Holy Mountain), and if you have binocular, during those particularly clear days, you can see the monasteries on that side of Holy Mountain.
Thassos abounds in rivers, streams and springs. A beautiful lake and many smaller waterfalls are near Maries village and a beautiful waterfall is near Kastro village. Because of these sources, there aren't any water restrictions on the island, and it can be drunk at any place without fear.
According to the 2011 census report, there were about 14000 inhabitants, most of them are linked with tourism, fishing, livestock, growing and processing olives, fruits and grains, producing honey, wine and exploiting the famous white Thassos marble.
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